JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Gallstone disease: Symptoms and diagnosis of gallbladder stones

P Portincasa, A Moschetta, M Petruzzelli, G Palasciano, A Di Ciaula, A Pezzolla
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology 2006, 20 (6): 1017-29
17127185
The clinical aspects and the diagnostic features of gallstone disease are described. The natural history of silent gallstones is overviewed, and the risk of developing symptoms and complications is also discussed. The importance of colicky pain as a specific gallstone symptom is highlighted, and the role of both laboratory tests and diagnostic investigations for differential diagnosis is discussed. Finally, we describe the diagnostic features of gallbladder stone disease, including indications, sensitivity, specificity, and limitations of different test investigations under special circumstances.

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