JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and percutaneous ethanol injection for recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma]

Zhuo-ming Xu, Jun-hua Wang, Zuo-jun Zhen, Huan-wei Chen, Wei-zhen Cui
Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University 2006, 26 (11): 1626-8
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OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in the management of recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma.

METHODS: Between March 2001 and March 2005, 52 patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (tumor size< or =5 cm) underwent PRFA, and 14 of the patients (tumor size 3-5 cm) also received TACE and PEI, and their clinical data were analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS: MRI or CT after PRFA revealed complete coagulative necrosis of the tumor in 38 cases (tumor size <3 cm). In the 14 patients (tumor size 3-5 cm) with also TACE and PEI, complete necrosis occurred in 11 cases (78.6%). In the patients involved in this study, the 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-year survival rates were 96.2%, 69.4%, 45.5% and 30.0%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: PRFA is an effective modality for local treatment of recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma, capable of total elimination of tumors <3 cm. For tumors of 3-5 cm, combination with TACE and PEI may help increase the tumor necrosis rate following the ablation and raise the patients' survival rate.

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