Molecular characterization and expression analysis of nine cotton GhEF1A genes encoding translation elongation factor 1A

Wen-Liang Xu, Xiu-Lan Wang, Hong Wang, Xue-Bao Li
Gene 2007 March 1, 389 (1): 27-35
The translation elongation factor 1A, eEF1A, plays an important role in protein synthesis, catalyzing the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the A-site of the ribosome by a GTP-dependent mechanism. To investigate the role of eEF1A for protein synthesis in cotton fiber development, nine different cDNA clones encoding eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A were isolated from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber cDNA libraries. The isolated genes (cDNAs) were designated cotton elongation factor 1A gene GhEF1A1, GhEF1A2, GhEF1A3, GhEF1A4, GhEF1A5, GhEF1A6, GhEF1A7, GhEF1A8, GhEF1A9, respectively. They share high sequence homology at nucleotide level (71-99% identity) in the coding region and at amino acid level (96-99% identity) among each other. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the nine GhEF1A genes can be divided into 5-6 subfamilies, indicating the divergence occurred in structures of the genes as well as the deduced proteins during evolution. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that GhEF1A genes are differentially expressed in different tissues/organs. Of the nine GhEF1A genes, five are expressed at relatively high levels in young fibers. Further analysis indicated that expressions of the GhEF1As in fiber are highly developmental-regulated, suggesting that protein biosynthesis is very active at the early fiber elongation.

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