Efficacy and safety of fluticasone propionate hydrofluoroalkane inhalation aerosol in pre-school-age children with asthma: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Paul Y Qaqundah, Robert W Sugerman, Elaina Ceruti, Jorge Fernando Maspero, Joseph F Kleha, Catherine A Scott, Wei Wu, Rashmi Mehta, Courtney Crim
Journal of Pediatrics 2006, 149 (5): 663-670

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of fluticasone propionate (FP) hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) in children age 1 to < 4 years with asthma.

STUDY DESIGN: Children were assigned (2:1) to receive FP HFA 88 mug (n = 239) or placebo HFA (n = 120) twice daily through a metered-dose inhaler with a valved holding chamber and attached facemask for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy measure was mean percent change from baseline to endpoint in 24-hour daily (composite of daytime and nighttime) asthma symptom scores.

RESULTS: The FP-treated children had significantly greater (P < or = .05) reductions in 24-hour daily asthma symptom scores (-53.9% vs -44.1%) and nighttime symptom scores over the entire treatment period compared with the placebo group. Daytime asthma symptom scores and albuterol use were slightly more decreased with FP than with placebo; however, the differences were not statistically significant. Increases in the percentage of symptom-free days were comparable. The percentage of patients who experienced at least 1 adverse event was similar in the 2 groups. Baseline median urinary cortisol excretion values were comparable between the groups, and there was little change from baseline at endpoint. FP plasma concentrations demonstrated that systemic exposure was low.

CONCLUSIONS: FP HFA 88 mug twice daily was effective and well tolerated in pre-school-age children with asthma.

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