[Allergic reaction to components of bone cement after total knee arthroplasty]

A Schuh, P Thomas, R Reinhold, U Holzwarth, G Zeiler, V Mahler
Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie 2006, 131 (5): 429-31
There are many reports about allergic reactions in association with total hip or knee arthroplasty. While most studies focus on allergic reactions to metallic components, only few reports exist about reactions to bone cement or its ingredients. We report about a patient who developed eczema at the knee and the lower leg one year after cemented TKR. Patch testing showed as potential causes contact allergic reactions to nickel and benzoylperoxide, an ingredient of the here used bone cement. The local and temporal association between onset of eczema and knee arthroplasty suggests a causal link. Benzoylperoxide as potential contact allergen in bone cement is so far almost neglected. The development of extended testing procedures and data collection should provide further information and better care of these patients. The development of special bone cements for patients with allergic diathesis is requested.

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