JOURNAL ARTICLE

Liver X receptor agonists ameliorate TNFalpha-induced insulin resistance in murine brown adipocytes by downregulating protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B gene expression

S Fernández-Veledo, I Nieto-Vazquez, C M Rondinone, M Lorenzo
Diabetologia 2006, 49 (12): 3038-48
17072583

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The nuclear receptors, including nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 3 (NR1HR, also known as liver X receptor [LXR]), are sensors of cholesterol metabolism and lipid biosynthesis that have recently been proposed as insulin sensitisers. TNFalpha has been described as a link between obesity and the development of insulin resistance, an important contributor to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we decided to investigate the ability of NR1HR agonists to ameliorate TNFalpha-induced insulin resistance in brown adipocytes.

METHODS: Primary brown adipocytes from rat fetuses, and from wild-type neonate mice and neonate mice deficient in the gene encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (Ptpn1, also known as Ptp1b) were cultured in the absence or presence of TNFalpha and different nuclear receptor agonists. Among them, the unrelated NR1HR ligands T0901317, GW3965 and (22R)-hydroxycholesterol were tested. After insulin stimulation, glucose uptake and solute carrier family 2 (facilitated glucose transporter), member 4 (SLC2A4, formerly known as GLUT4) translocation were measured. Next the insulin signalling cascade was determined by submitting cells to lysis, immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting.

RESULTS: NR1HR agonists ameliorate TNFalpha-induced insulin resistance restoring completely insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and SLC2A4 translocation to plasma membrane. This effect is parallel to the recovery of the insulin cascade insulin receptor/IRS-2/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B, and could be due to the fact that T0901317 prevents the increase of PTPN1 production and phosphatase activity produced by TNFalpha. In this regard, Ptpn1-deficient brown adipocytes showed protection against insulin resistance by TNFalpha. Moreover, we observed that T0901317 produced in itself a significant increase over basal glucose uptake consistent with an increase of SLC2A4 protein content in plasma membrane, attributable to the activation of protein kinase zeta and/or the increase of Slc2a4 expression.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Nuclear receptors NR1HR are interesting potential targets for drug treatment of insulin resistance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17072583
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"