Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 independently predicts the angiographic diagnosis of coronary artery disease and coronary death

Heidi T May, Benjamin D Horne, Jeffrey L Anderson, Robert L Wolfert, Joseph B Muhlestein, Dale G Renlund, Jessica L Clarke, Matthew J Kolek, Tami L Bair, Robert R Pearson, Krishnankutty Sudhir, John F Carlquist
American Heart Journal 2006, 152 (5): 997-1003

BACKGROUND: Whereas C-reactive protein (CRP) is a nonspecific marker of coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular (CV) events, Lp-PLA2 may be a nonvariable inflammatory biomarker. We evaluated the independent association of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) to angiographic CAD and CV events adjusting for standard factors, lipids, and CRP.

METHODS: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (PLAC test, diaDexus, Inc, San Francisco, CA) and CRP were measured from samples donated by consecutive consenting patients (N = 1493) enrolled in the registry of the Intermountain Heart Collaborative Study. All patients underwent coronary angiography (1996-1998) for CAD determination and were followed for 6.7 +/- 0.5 years (range 5.7-7.9 years) for CV events (death [including all-cause, CAD, and non-CAD CV death], myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular accident).

RESULTS: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 weakly correlated with lipids (low-density lipoprotein: r = 0.22, P < .001; high-density lipoprotein: r = -0.13, P < .001), but not CRP (r = 0.03, P = .26). Increasing quartile (Q) of Lp-PLA2 predicted greater the presence of CAD (vs Q1) for Q2 (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.15, 95% CI 0.78-1.71, P = .48), for Q3 (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.02-2.31, P = .042), and for Q4 (OR 2.44, 95% CI 1.58-3.79, P < .001), although CRP was also predictive (vs Q1, Q2: OR 1.47, P = .057; Q3: OR 1.93, P = .002; Q4: OR 3.43, P < .001). In Cox regression, Lp-PLA2 predicted CAD death (vs Q1; Q2: adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.27, 95% CI 0.58-2.78, P = .55; Q3: HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.04-4.57, P = .04; Q4: HR 1.73, 95% CI 0.84-3.61, P = .14).

CONCLUSION: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 was confirmed to predict the presence of CAD, even among patients undergoing coronary angiography. Uniquely, Lp-PLA2 predicted the risk of CAD death, but not all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"