Effects of endothelin ETA receptor blocker LU 135252 on cardiac remodeling and survival in a hypertensive rat model of chronic heart failure

Qin-gui Xia, Alexander Reinecke, Marc Dorenkamp, Mat Jap Daemen, Reichiger Simon, Thomas Unger
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 2006, 27 (11): 1417-22

AIM: To investigate whether the endothelin ETA receptor blocker provides similar benefit on cardiac remodeling and survival in a hypertensive rat model of chronic heart failure (CHF).

METHODS: Male stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHR-SP) rats were subjected to permanent ligation of the left coronary artery and were treated for 6 weeks with the endothelin ETA receptor blocker LU 135252 (30 starting 24 h after ligation or untreatment. Sham-operated rats served as normal controls. The mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular contractility (LV dp/dt(max)), left ventricular inner diameter (LVD) and circumference (LVC), septal thickness, left ventricular interstitial collagen content (ICC) and heart weight (HW) were measured at the end of the treatment.

RESULTS: Compared with the untreated group, LU 135252 tended to increase HW (1.43 +/-0.03 vs 1.38 +/-0.04 g; P> 0.05), increased LVD (7.65+/-0.24 mm vs 6.58+/-0.14 mm; P<0.05), markedly increased LVC (30.11+/-0.83 mm vs 24.82+/-0.85 mm; P< 0.01) and reduced left ventricular ICC (3.79%+/-0.09% vs 6.71%+/-0.11%; P< 0.01), slightly lowered MAP (132+/-6 mmHg vs 142+/-4 mmHg; P>0.05), reduced LVEDP (14 4 mmHg vs 27+/-4 mmHg; P<0.05) and improved LV dp/dtmax (4230+/-450 mmHg/s vs 1950+/-400 mmHg/s; P<0.05); survival was not prolonged significantly (13% vs 11%; P=NS).

CONCLUSION: In this hypertensive rat model of CHF, chronic endothelin ETA receptor blockade with LU 135252 improves cardiac hemodynamics, however, it does not affect long-term survival and worsens cardiac remodeling. Thus, endothelin ETA receptor antagonists are unlikely to have an important role in the management of patients with CHF.

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