Mycophenolic acid therapy after cyclophosphamide pulses in progressive IgA nephropathy

Franz Maximilian Rasche, Frieder Keller, Lutz von Müller, Leif-Konradin Sailer, Wolfram Karges, David Czock
Journal of Nephrology 2006, 19 (4): 465-72

BACKGROUND: In progressive IgA nephropathy (IgAN), cyclophosphamide or steroids have been used to reduce the loss of renal function, but disease progression may occur after the end of treatment. The value of mycophenolic acid (MPA) maintenance therapy following initial immunosuppression in progressive IgAN is largely unknown.

METHODS: In a prospective single-center trial, 20 patients with advanced IgAN (median glomerular filtration rate [GFR], 22 ml/min) and disease progression after cyclophosphamide pulse (CyP; n=18) or steroid pulse therapy (n=2) were treated with MPA for a median of 27 months. MPA dosages (initially mycophenolate mofetil 500 mg twice daily) were adjusted according to predose plasma concentrations (target concentrations 1.5 to 4 microg/mL). The course of renal function was assessed by linear regression of glomerular filtration rates.

RESULTS: Median loss of renal function per month was significantly reduced from -0.8 ml/min to -0.03 ml/min per month after 6 months, to -0.05 ml/min per month after 12 months, and to -0.12 ml/min per month at the end of the study after median 27 months (p<0.05). An improved or stable GFR was observed in 16 of 20 patients during the first 12 months, and sustained in 10 patients during 24 months of follow-up. Proteinuria decreased significantly from 1.1 g/L to 0.4 g/L during MPA treatment (p=0.018).

CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that MPA may be beneficial to slow down the loss of renal function in patients with progressive IgAN after previous immunosuppressive treatment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"