JOURNAL ARTICLE

Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine level and extent of lesion at coronary angiography

Asife Sahinarslan, Atiye Cengel, Gursel Biberoglu, Alev Hasanoglu, Sedat Turkoglu, Timur Timurkaynak
Coronary Artery Disease 2006, 17 (7): 605-9
17047444

BACKGROUND: Given that the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine, can decrease nitric oxide bioavailability and lead to atherosclerosis, its concentration can be a good predictor for coronary artery disease. In this study, we investigated the relationship of plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentration with lesion distribution and severity at coronary artery angiography.

METHOD: Ninety-eight patients with stable angina were enrolled prospectively. We divided the patients into two groups. Group I (n=37) included the patients with normal coronary arteries. All the other patients were included in group II (n=61). We calculated coronary atherosclerotic score and coronary vessel score. Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine, L-arginine and symmetric dimethylarginine concentrations were measured and L-arginine/asymmetric dimethylarginine ratio was calculated.

RESULTS: Plasma L-arginine and symmetric dimethylarginine concentrations did not differ in the two groups. The plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine level, however, was higher in group II patients than in group I patients (0.43+/-0.26 vs. 0.59+/-0.28 micromol/l, P=0.004) and L-arginine/asymmetric dimethylarginine ratio was lower in group II patients than in group I patients (262.0+/-186.4 vs. 176.6+/-139.8, P=0.019). Asymmetric dimethylarginine was positively correlated with the coronary atherosclerotic score (rs=0.273, P=0.006). Moreover, asymmetric dimethylarginine was an important predictor of angiographically defined coronary artery disease (odds ratio=14.42, P=0.004).

CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis that the plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentration may be a good indicator of predicting coronary artery disease.

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