Patients with diffusion-perfusion mismatch on magnetic resonance imaging 48 hours or more after stroke symptom onset: clinical and imaging features

Angelica Perez, Lucas Restrepo, Jonathan T Kleinman, Peter Barker, Norman Beauchamp, Robert J Wityk
Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 2006, 16 (4): 329-33

BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in diffusion-weighted (DWI) and perfusion-weighted (PWI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are thought to reflect the presence of brain tissue at risk for ischemic stroke. Many patients with acute ischemic stroke have a mismatch pattern in which the PWI volume is larger than the DWI lesion. This mismatch typically resolves over 24-48 hours. Little is known about the presence of DWI-PWI mismatch in later stages of stroke.

METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 122 patients admitted with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke who had DWI and PWI abnormalities on studies performed within 7 days of onset of symptoms. Patients were divided into two groups: those with MRI performed <48 hours and those with MRI performed >or=48 hours from onset of symptoms.

RESULTS: Among 42 patients with MRI performed >or=48 hours after onset of stroke symptoms, 15 of 42 (36%) showed a mismatch pattern, compared to 45 of 80 (56%) in the <48 hours group (P < 0.05). Most of the patients in the >or=48 hours group with mismatch had large artery occlusive disease and many had neurological fluctuations. A subset of these patients were treated with induced hypertension and showed clinical improvement.

CONCLUSIONS: Some patients have persistent DWI-PWI mismatch up to several days after stroke onset. Further studies are needed to determine if these patients should be candidates for reperfusion therapy.

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