Mutation and polymorphism analyses of INSL3 and LGR8/GREAT in 62 Japanese patients with cryptorchidism

Kazuki Yamazawa, Yuka Wada, Isoji Sasagawa, Katsuya Aoki, Katsuhiko Ueoka, Tsutomu Ogata
Hormone Research 2007, 67 (2): 73-6

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3) and its receptor leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 8/G protein-coupled receptor affecting testis descent (LGR8/GREAT) are essential for the gubernacular development, mutations of INSL3 and LGR8/GREAT are infrequent in patients with cryptorchidism (CO), and there is no report documenting a positive association of CO with a polymorphism in INSL3 or LGR8/GREAT. Here, we further examined the relevance of INSL3 and LGR8/GREAT mutations and polymorphisms to the development of CO.

METHODS: Sixty-two Japanese CO patients and 60 fertile males were studied. INSL3 was analyzed by direct sequencing and restriction enzyme digestion, and LGR8/GREAT was examined by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography followed by direct sequencing for exons with abnormal chromatogram patterns.

RESULTS: No definitive mutation was identified in both genes. Six polymorphisms were detected in INSL3 or LGR8/GREAT and Thr/Thr genotype of Ala60Thr polymorphism in INSL3 was strongly associated with CO (p=0.0024, odds ratio=5.3, 95% confidence interval=1.7-17).

CONCLUSION: The results, in conjunction with the previous data, suggest that mutations of INSL3 and LGR8/GREAT remain rare, and that the Thr/Thr genotype of Ala60Thr polymorphism in INSL3 may constitute a susceptibility factor for the development of CO.

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