JOURNAL ARTICLE

Are left ventricular diastolic function and diastolic asynchrony important determinants of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy?

Cheuk-Man Yu, Qing Zhang, Gabriel Wai-Kwok Yip, Yat-Sun Chan, Pui-Wai Lee, Li-Wen Wu, Yat-Yin Lam, Leo Chi-Chiu Kum, Hamish Chi-Kin Chan, Skiva Chan, Jeffrey Wing-Hong Fung
American Journal of Cardiology 2006 October 15, 98 (8): 1083-7
17027576
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to reduce symptoms and reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling. It is not known, however, whether diastolic function will improve after CRT and diastolic asynchrony will predict LV reverse remodeling. Seventy-six patients (mean age 65 +/- 12 years, 74% men) who received CRT were studied at baseline and after 3 months. Diastolic function was assessed by transmitral Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. LV systolic and diastolic asynchrony were assessed by the time to peak myocardial contraction (Ts) and early diastolic relaxation (Te) using the 6 basal, 6 mid-segmental model. There were 42 responders (55%) with LV reverse remodeling (defined as a reduction of LV end-systolic volume >or=15%). Parameters of systolic function were significantly improved only in the responders. For diastolic function, there were reductions of transmitral E velocity in the 2 groups, without any change in atrial velocity or the E/A ratio. Tissue Doppler imaging revealed that myocardial early diastolic velocity was unchanged in responders but was significantly worsened in nonresponders. The systolic asynchrony index (the SD of Ts of 12 LV segments) correlated significantly with LV reverse remodeling (r = -0.64, p <0.001) but not the diastolic asynchrony index (the SD of Te of 12 LV segments) (r = -0.10, p = NS). The systolic asynchrony index was the only independent predictor of reverse remodeling (beta = -0.99, 95% confidence interval -1.41 to -0.58, p <0.001). In conclusion, CRT improves systolic function and systolic asynchrony but has a neutral effect on diastolic function and diastolic asynchrony. LV reverse remodeling response is determined by the severity of prepacing systolic asynchrony but not diastolic asynchrony or the diastolic filling pattern.

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