COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Menopause and determinants of quality of life in women at midlife and beyond: the study of health in pomerania (SHIP)

Sabine Schwarz, Henry Völzke, Dietrich Alte, Christian Schwahn, Hans J Grabe, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Ulrich John, Martina Dören
Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society 2007, 14 (1): 123-34
17019378

OBJECTIVE: Determinants of quality of life (QoL) in pre- and postmenopausal women including nonhormonal modulators of QoL in adult women are not well understood; there is an ongoing controversy about the impact of menopause on health-related QoL. We investigated the extent to which diverse mental and physical symptoms are associated with (a) menopausal status; (b) sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors; and (c) menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in adult women after the German reunification in a region of the former German Democratic Republic.

DESIGN: The Study of Health in Pomerania is a cross-sectional, population-based survey. Computer-based structured interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to capture QoL (Zerssen Symptom List) and sociodemographic parameters, psychosocial, and lifestyle indicators (age, socioeconomic status, abuse, social support, nutrition, body mass index, self-rated health, chronic diseases, and use of MHT) in 1,119 pre- and postmenopausal women with an intact uterus.

RESULTS: Analyses suggest that menopausal status was not associated with QoL. MHT was associated with physical, mental, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Age was a significant predictor for cardiopulmonary symptoms and sensory impairment. The relationship between age and both physical and mental complaints was inverse as was the relationship between age and both mood and gastrointestinal symptoms. Age, socioeconomic status, physical and sexual abuse, perceived social support, nutrition, body mass index, self-rated health, chronic diseases, and MHT modulated QoL.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that QoL is reduced after menopause. Differences between pre- and postmenopausal women can be explained by sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17019378
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"