CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
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Arginine to cysteine mutation (R499C) found in a Japanese patient with complete myeloperoxidase deficiency.

Animal models suggest that a deficiency in myeloperoxidase (MPO; EC 1.11.1.7), a lysosomal hemoprotein involved in host defense, may be associated with a decreased level of immunity. A nonsynonymous mutation, resulting in an arginine to cysteine substitution (Arg499Cys or R499C), has been identified in the exon 9 genetic coding region of a Japanese patient with complete MPO deficiency. Genetic analysis revealed that the mRNA of the patient could be correctly transcribed then further translated into a peptide sequence. However, the Western blot analysis confirmed the absence of MPO peptides. An initial screening assay of the patient's blood exhibited an abnormal hematograph, and no MPO activity was detected. To determine if this mutation might be associated with MPO deficiency, DNA samples for 387 controls were examined. Genetic analysis was performed using standard PCR techniques for amplification and sequencing. None of the control samples possessed the R499C substitution. This mutation is in close proximity to a different mutation (G501S) previously found in another Japanese MPO-deficient patient, and the amino acid, H502, which is strongly involved in heme binding, leading to the speculation that heme binding may play a role in complete MPO deficiency.

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