COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparative gene expression by WC1+ gammadelta and CD4+ alphabeta T lymphocytes, which respond to Anaplasma marginale, demonstrates higher expression of chemokines and other myeloid cell-associated genes by WC1+ gammadelta T cells

Kevin K Lahmers, Jodi F Hedges, Mark A Jutila, Mingqi Deng, Mitchell S Abrahamsen, Wendy C Brown
Journal of Leukocyte Biology 2006, 80 (4): 939-52
17005908
The functions of gammadelta T cells are enigmatic, and these cells are often considered as evolutionary remnants of well-characterized alphabeta T cells. However, their conservation throughout evolution suggests that gammadelta T cells are biologically unique. In ruminants, gammadelta T cells expressing the workshop cluster 1 (WC1) scavenger receptor comprise a large proportion of circulating lymphocytes, suggesting these cells are biologically relevant and functionally different from alphabeta T cells. In fact, bovine WC1(+) gammadelta T cells can act as APC for alphabeta T cells, indicating they may express genes encoding proteins associated with innate immunity. The present study was designed to compare immune function gene expression profiles of clonal populations of WC1(+) gammadelta and CD4(+) alphabeta T cells derived from the same animal, which respond to major surface protein 2 (MSP2) of the intraerythrocytic rickettsial pathogen of cattle, Anaplasma marginale. Gene expression profiles of activated T cell clones were compared using a microarray format, and differential gene expression was confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and protein analyses. We demonstrate that although MSP2-specific alphabeta and gammadelta T cell clones express many of the same genes, gammadelta T cell clones express high levels of genes associated with myeloid cells, including chemokines CCL2, CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL6, and surface receptors CD68, CD11b, macrophage scavenger receptor 1, macrophage mannose receptor, and galectin-3. It is important that many of these genes were also expressed at higher levels in polyclonal WC1(+) gammadelta T cells when compared with CD4(+) alphabeta T cells selected from peripheral blood.

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