OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mu-opioid receptor activation modulates transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) currents in sensory neurons in a model of inflammatory pain

Jeannette Endres-Becker, Paul A Heppenstall, Shaaban A Mousa, Dominika Labuz, Alexander Oksche, Michael Schäfer, Christoph Stein, Christian Zöllner
Molecular Pharmacology 2007, 71 (1): 12-8
17005903
Current therapy for inflammatory pain includes the peripheral application of opioid receptor agonists. Activation of opioid receptors modulates voltage-gated ion channels, but it is unclear whether opioids can also influence ligand-gated ion channels [e.g., the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1)]. TRPV1 channels are involved in the development of thermal hypersensitivity associated with tissue inflammation. In this study, we investigated mu-opioid receptor and TRPV1 expression in primary afferent neurons in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced paw inflammation. In addition, the present study examined whether the activity of TRPV1 in DRG neurons can be inhibited by mu-opioid receptor (mu-receptor) ligands and whether this inhibition is increased after CFA inflammation. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated colocalization of TRPV1 and mu-receptors in DRG neurons. CFA-induced inflammation increased significantly the number of TRPV1- and mu-receptor-positive DRG neurons, as well as TRPV1 binding sites. In whole-cell patch clamp studies, opioids significantly decreased capsaicin-induced TRPV1 currents in a naloxone- and pertussis toxinsensitive manner. The inhibitory effect of morphine on TRPV1 was abolished by forskolin and 8-bromo-cAMP. During inflammation, an increase in TRPV1 is apparently rivaled by an increase of mu-receptors. However, in single dissociated DRG neurons, the inhibitory effects of morphine are not different between animals with and without CFA inflammation. In in vivo experiments, we found that locally applied morphine reduced capsaicin-induced thermal allodynia. In summary, our results indicate that mu-receptor activation can inhibit the activity of TRPV1 via G(i/o) proteins and the cAMP pathway. These observations demonstrate an important new mechanism underlying the analgesic efficacy of peripherally acting mu-receptor ligands in inflammatory pain.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17005903
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"