JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prognostic value and clinical relevance of the 6th Edition 2002 American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system in patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma

Hao-Jan Lei, Gar-Yang Chau, Wing-Yiu Lui, Shyh-Haw Tsay, Kuang-Liang King, Che-Chuan Loong, Chew-Wun Wu
Journal of the American College of Surgeons 2006, 203 (4): 426-35
17000385

BACKGROUND: A simplified American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (the 6th edition) was proposed in 2002. In this study, we validated the prognostic value of the staging system in a patient cohort undergoing hepatic resection with longterm followup.

STUDY DESIGN: From a prospective database, the study cohort consisted of 440 patients who underwent curative hepatic resection for HCC between July 1991 and January 1999. Median followup time was 66 months. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the independent prognostic factors related to postoperative survival. Patients were staged according to both the 5th edition (TNM-5) and 6th edition (TNM-6) AJCC TNM staging criteria.

RESULTS: The independent prognostic factors included major vascular invasion, microvascular invasion, surgical margin < 1 cm, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes > 10%, multiple tumors, tumor rupture, male, and serum aspartate aminotransferase > 90 U/L. The breakdown by TNM-5 staging: I, 27 (6.1%); II, 108 (24.5%); III, 218 (49.5%); and IVA, 87 (19.8%) and by TNM-6 staging: I, 120 (27.3%); II, 170 (38.6%); and III, 150 (34.1%). When stratified according to the TNM-5 system, difference in survival was notable between stages II and IIIA (p < 0.001), between stages IIIA and IVA (p < 0.001), but not between stages I and II (p > 0.05). When stratified according to the TNM-6 system, difference in survival was considerable between stages I and II (p < 0.01), stages II and III (p < 0.001), and stages I and III (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the TNM-6 staging system appears to provide a reliable prognostic classification of HCC patients and is simpler to use than the TNM-5 staging system.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17000385
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"