Removal of lead from aqueous solution using Syzygium cumini L.: equilibrium and kinetic studies

P King, N Rakesh, S Beenalahari, Y Prasanna Kumar, V S R K Prasad
Journal of Hazardous Materials 2007 April 2, 142 (1): 340-7
The biosorption of lead ions from aqueous solution by Syzygium cumini L. was studied in a batch adsorption system as a function of pH, contact time, lead ion concentration, adsorbent concentration and adsorbent size. The biosorption capacities and rates of lead ions onto S. cumini L. were evaluated. The Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson and Temkin adsorption models were applied to describe the isotherms and isotherm constants. Biosorption isothermal data could be well interpreted by the Langmuir model followed by Temkin model with maximum adsorption capacity of 32.47 mg/g of lead ion on S. cumini L. leaves biomass. The kinetic experimental data were properly correlated with the second-order kinetic model.

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