ERCC1 and RRM1 gene expressions but not EGFR are predictive of shorter survival in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer treated with cisplatin and gemcitabine

P Ceppi, M Volante, S Novello, I Rapa, K D Danenberg, P V Danenberg, A Cambieri, G Selvaggi, S Saviozzi, R Calogero, M Papotti, G V Scagliotti
Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology 2006, 17 (12): 1818-25

BACKGROUND: Pivotal studies indicate a role of excision repair cross-complementation 1 (ERCC1) gene and ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1) gene in conferring a differential sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene has been recently extensively investigated in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

DESIGN: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded bronchoscopic/fine needle aspiration biopsies obtained from 70 patients with advanced NSCLC were retrospectively collected to investigate the expression level of ERCC1, RRM1 and EGFR by real-time PCR. Sufficient amounts of messenger RNA (mRNA) were successfully extracted from 61 (87%) specimens, reverse transcribed and amplified with intron-spanning primers. Forty-one patients had stage IV disease and 43 received cisplatin/gemcitabine chemotherapy.

RESULTS: A strong correlation between ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA levels (r(s) = 0.624, P < 0.0001) was found. Median survival time in patients with low ERCC1 was significantly longer (17.3 versus 10.9, P = 0.0032 log-rank test) as well as in patients with low RRM1 (13.9 versus 10.9, P = 0.0390 log-rank test). Concomitant low expression levels of ERCC1 and RRM1 (n = 33) were predictive of a better outcome (14.9 versus 10.0, P = 0.0345 log-rank test). Among cisplatin-treated patients, a low ERCC1 level was highly predictive of a longer survival (23.0 versus 12.4, P = 0.0001 log-rank test). No correlation between gene expression levels and histology was reported. No significant correlation between EGFR expression level and survival was found. At multivariate analysis, performance status, response to chemotherapy, presence of weight loss and ERCC1 were independent prognostic factors for survival.

CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study further validates ERCC1 and RRM1 genes as reliable candidates for customized chemotherapy and shows a higher impact on the survival of NSCLC patients treated with cisplatin/gemcitabine for ERCC1. Prospective pharmacogenomic studies represent a research priority in early and advanced NSCLC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"