Alpha-actinin 4 potentiates myocyte enhancer factor-2 transcription activity by antagonizing histone deacetylase 7

Sharmistha Chakraborty, Erin L Reineke, Minh Lam, Xiaofang Li, Yu Liu, Chengzhuo Gao, Simran Khurana, Hung-Ying Kao
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2006 November 17, 281 (46): 35070-80
Histone deacetylase 7 (HDAC7) is a member of class IIa HDACs that regulate myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2)-mediated transcription and participate in multiple cellular processes such as T cell apoptosis. We have identified alpha-actinin 1 and 4 as class IIa HDAC-interacting proteins. The interaction domains are mapped to C terminus of alpha-actinin 4 and amino acids 72-172 of HDAC7. A point mutation in HDAC7 that disrupts its association with MEF2A also disrupts its association with alpha-actinin 4, indicating that MEF2A and alpha-actinin 4 binding sites largely overlap. We have also isolated a novel splice variant of alpha-actinin 4 that is predominantly localized in the nucleus, a pattern distinct from the full-length alpha-actinin 4, which is primarily distributed in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane. Using small interfering RNA, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and transient transfection assays, we show that alpha-actinin 4 potentiates expression of TAF55, a putative MEF2 target gene. Loss of MEF2A interaction correlates with loss of the ability of alpha-actinin 4 to potentiate TAF55 promoter activity. Ectopic expression of alpha-actinin 4, but not the mutant defective in MEF2A association, leads to disruption of HDAC7.MEF2A association and enhancement of MEF2-mediated transcription. Taken together, we have identified a novel mechanism by which HDAC7 activity is negatively regulated and uncovered a previously unknown function of alpha-actinin 4.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"