Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and bone mineral density in men: the Rancho Bernardo study

N Saquib, D von Mühlen, C F Garland, E Barrett-Connor
Osteoporosis International 2006, 17 (12): 1734-41

INTRODUCTION: This study examined the distribution and determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) and their associations with bone mineral density (BMD) at the hip and spine in 414 older men (mean age 74 years) living in southern California.

METHODS: At a clinic visit (1997-2000), demographic and lifestyle information, fracture history, and medication use were recorded; venous blood for serum 25OHD and PTH was obtained; and BMD was measured at the hip and spine.

RESULTS: Only one man had vitamin D deficiency (25OHD <20 nmol/l), but 15.5% of the men had high parathyroid levels (PTH >or=65 pg/ml). The mean 25OHD and PTH levels were 109.0 nmol/l and 50.3 pg/ml, respectively. Overall, 21.5% used calcium and 9.7% used vitamin D supplements. Serum 25OHD decreased with age and was lowest in the winter; levels were higher in supplement users (vitamin D and/or calcium; p<0.01). Serum PTH did not vary by age or season, and it was lower in supplement users (p<0.01). After excluding 12 men who were outliers for serum 25OHD and PTH, there was no significant correlation between serum 25OHD and PTH (r=-0.05, p=0.3). In multiple adjusted models, serum 25OHD was positively associated with BMD at the hip (p=0.01) and spine (p=0.001). Serum PTH was moderately and inversely associated with BMD at the hip (p=0.04) but not at the spine (p=0.77).

CONCLUSION: We conclude that serum 25OHD is associated with bone health in older, community-dwelling men.

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