The market for follow-on biologics: how will it evolve?

Henry Grabowski, Iain Cockburn, Genia Long
Health Affairs 2006, 25 (5): 1291-301
With spending on biologics rising and patent expiry approaching for several blockbuster biologics, Congress and the Food and Drug Administration are considering creating a clear pathway for so-called follow-on biologics. Differences between drugs and biologics will affect market outcomes in various ways. Conservative budget impacts are appropriate in the short run because fewer competitors will enter, and average prices will drop less than was the case following the Hatch-Waxman Act. Over the long term, intellectual property provisions will be important considerations for policymakers designing a pathway for follow-on biologics that balances price competition and innovation incentives.

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