JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Troglitazone sensitizes effect of epirubicin on breast cancer cells]

Jing-Xia Sun, Zhuo-Xian Meng, Jing-Huan Lv, Yu-Jie Sun
Ai Zheng, Aizheng, Chinese Journal of Cancer 2006, 25 (8): 960-6
16965675

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is known to be highly expressed in breast cancer tissues. Thiazolidinediones (TZD), the specific ligands for PPARgamma, can inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. This study was to investigate the possibility of using troglitazone, one of TZD, as the sensitizer of epirubicin in the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER) negative breast cancer.

METHODS: MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to examine the cell proliferation and apoptosis in two ER negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-435S and MDA-MB-231. Cells were treated with either troglitazone or epirubicin alone or co-treated with troglitazone and epirubicin. Western blot analysis was used to assess the expression level of Bcl-2. The migration potential of cells with different treatments was analyzed by the wound healing assay.

RESULTS: The effect of epirubicin on inhibiting cell proliferation of breast cancer cells was enhanced by co-treatment with troglitazone in the range of 4 micromol/L to 24 micromol/L. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of epirubicin was reduced to 60% when combined with troglitazone compared to the treatment with epirubicin only. Treatment of cells with troglitazone or epirubicin alone could not induce significant apoptosis. However, the apoptotic indexes of MDA-MB-435S and MDA-MB-231 cells co-treated with troglitazone and epirubicin were (5.48+/-0.45)% and (10.08+/-1.89)%, respectively. Co-treatment with troglitazone and epirubicin further downregulated the expression level of Bcl-2 and inhibited cell migration simultaneously.

CONCLUSIONS: Troglitazone could not only augment the effect of epirubicin on inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis, but also suppress the migration of breast cancer cells. Troglitazone may sensitize the effect of epirubicin on breast cancer cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16965675
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"