1Alpha,25-dihydroxy-2beta(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3 (ED-71) suppressed callus remodeling but did not interfere with fracture healing in rat femora

Yongping Cao, Satoshi Mori, Tasuku Mashiba, Yoshio Kaji, Takeshi Manabe, Ken Iwata, Kensaku Miyamoto, Satoshi Komatsubara, Tetsuji Yamamoto
Bone 2007, 40 (1): 132-9

INTRODUCTION: Because osteoporotic patients are prone to fractures, it must be considered whether or not patients undergoing drug therapies should discontinue treatment after sustaining a non-vertebral fracture. This study has tested the effect of novel active vitamin D3 analog, 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-2beta(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3 (ED-71), on the fracture healing comparing with a powerful anti-resorptive agent, alendronate, using a rat femoral fracture model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female SD rats (n=201) allocated into 6 groups were treated with MCT-vehicle and ED-71 at 0.025 and 0.05 microg/kg/day (EDL and EDH groups), and with saline-vehicle and alendronate at 5 and 10 microg/kg/day (ALL and ALH groups). After 4 weeks of pretreatment, osteotomy of the femur was performed. Treatment was continued until sacrifice at 6 and 16 weeks post-fracture. Fracture callus was evaluated by soft X-ray radiography, pQCT, biomechanical testing and histomorphometry.

RESULTS: At 16 weeks post-fracture, new cortical shell appeared in 100% of Control (MCT and saline-vehicle), EDL and EHL, and in 67% and 56% of ALL and ALH, respectively. ED-71 treatment showed insignificantly large callus area only at 6 weeks, while alendronate treatment induced bigger callus at both 6 and 16 weeks post-fracture. The lamellar/callus area was decreased only at 6 weeks by ED-71 treatment, but both at 6 and 16 weeks by alendronate treatment. Osteoclast number in callus surface was decreased in both ED-71 and alendronate treatment groups at 6 weeks and in EDH, ALL and ALH at 16 weeks, indicating that ED-71 inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption, but its effect is less prominent than alendronate. Almost complete callus remodeling was observed in ED-71-treated groups at 16 weeks without any significant change in structural and material properties of fractured bone.

CONCLUSIONS: ED-71 suppression of callus remodeling by inhibiting osteoclastic bone resorption was mild and dose-dependent and did not interfere with natural fracture healing process at 16 weeks post-fracture.

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