Pseudoisocyanine J-aggregate to optical waveguiding crystallite transition: microscopic and microspectroscopic exploration

Alexander N Lebedenko, Gleb Ya Guralchuk, Alexander V Sorokin, Svetlana L Yefimova, Yuri V Malyukin
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 2006 September 14, 110 (36): 17772-5
Using fluorescent microscopy and microspectroscopy, optical properties and morphology transformations in individual pseudoisocyanine (PIC) J-aggregates in aqueous electrolyte solutions have been explored. A stringlike structure of J-aggregates with a string diameter much less than 1 microm has been observed. Photodestruction of the strings under short-wavelength excitation has been revealed. Rodlike PIC crystallites, about 1 microm in diameter, have been observed with time. The fluorescence spectrum of rodlike crystallites has been found to differ from that of stringlike J-aggregate and from PIC crystal powder spectra. The crystallites are very stable, and their photodestruction has not been observed under any excitation conditions. It has been found that rodlike crystallites in contrast to stringlike J-aggregates possess optical waveguide properties. The luminescence of crystallites can be observed only at the excitation spot and at butt ends located up to hundreds of micrometers from the excitation spot.

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