Maturation medium supplements affect transcript level of apoptosis and cell survival related genes in bovine blastocysts produced in vitro

E Warzych, C Wrenzycki, J Peippo, D Lechniak
Molecular Reproduction and Development 2007, 74 (3): 280-9
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether protein or macromolecule supplements to in vitro maturation media affect transcript abundance of seven genes (Bax, Bcl2, Hsp70, IGF1, IGF1R, IGF2, and IGF2R) in oocytes and blastocysts. Cumulus-oocyte complexes aspirated from slaughterhouse ovaries were matured in TCM199 medium supplemented either with 10% FBS, 6% fatty acid free BSA (fafBSA) or 4% PVP40, then inseminated and cultured in vitro for 9 days. Transcript abundance analysis was carried out on immature and in vitro matured oocytes, as well as on blastocysts. Total RNA was isolated from pools of oocytes and embryos, reverse transcribed into cDNA and subjected to transcript analysis by real-time PCR. No transcript of IGF1 gene was detected either in oocytes or in blastocysts. Maturation conditions significantly affected transcript levels of investigated loci in blastocysts but not in matured oocytes, with one exception. Only relative abundance (RA) of IGF2 gene was higher in oocytes matured with fafBSA. Moreover, oocyte maturation with fafBSA elevated transcript abundance of IGF1R, IGF2, and IGF2R genes in resulting blastocysts, whereas Hsp70 transcription was stimulated by FBS supplementation. Thus, under described conditions, fafBSA may be the optimal supplement to IVM medium due to higher transcript level of growth factor coding genes accompanied by a lower transcript level of Hsp70.

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