Pitch, roll, and yaw variations in patient positioning

Adeel Kaiser, Timothy E Schultheiss, Jeffrey Y C Wong, David D Smith, Chunhui Han, Nayana L Vora, Richard D Pezner, Yi-Jen Chen, Eric H Radany
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2006 November 1, 66 (3): 949-55

PURPOSE: To use pretreatment megavoltage-computed tomography (MVCT) scans to evaluate positioning variations in pitch, roll, and yaw for patients treated with helical tomotherapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty prostate and 15 head-and-neck cancer patients were selected. Pretreatment MVCT scans were performed before every treatment fraction and automatically registered to planning kilovoltage CT (KVCT) scans by bony landmarks. Image registration data were used to adjust patient setups before treatment. Corrections for pitch, roll, and yaw were recorded after bone registration, and data from fractions 1-5 and 16-20 were used to analyze mean rotational corrections.

RESULTS: For prostate patients, the means and standard deviations (in degrees) for pitch, roll, and yaw corrections were -0.60 +/- 1.42, 0.66 +/- 1.22, and -0.33 +/- 0.83. In head-and-neck patients, the means and standard deviations (in degrees) were -0.24 +/- 1.19, -0.12 +/- 1.53, and 0.25 +/- 1.42 for pitch, roll, and yaw, respectively. No significant difference in rotational variations was observed between Weeks 1 and 4 of treatment. Head-and-neck patients had significantly smaller pitch variation, but significantly larger yaw variation, than prostate patients. No difference was found in roll corrections between the two groups. Overall, 96.6% of the rotational corrections were less than 4 degrees.

CONCLUSIONS: The initial rotational setup errors for prostate and head-and-neck patients were all small in magnitude, statistically significant, but did not vary considerably during the course of radiotherapy. The data are relevant to couch hardware design for correcting rotational setup variations. There should be no theoretical difference between these data and data collected using cone beam KVCT on conventional linacs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"