NT-proBNP and BNP values in cardiac patients with different degree of left ventricular systolic dysfunction

Karel Kotaska, Jana Popelova, Marie Tiserova, Peter Telekes, Marie Vrzanova, Jiri Bronsky, Milada Halacova, Jiri Kukacka, Richard Prusa
Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia 2006, 150 (1): 125-30
We investigated the performance of brain natriuretic peptides (BNP and NT-proBNP) in detecting various degrees of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The NT-proBNP assay (Roche) and the BNP assay (Bayer Shionoria) were performed in 46 patients (mean age 50 years; range 20-79 years) with various types of heart disease (chronic heart failure due to coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, acquired valve disease, congenital heart diseases) and different impairment of left ventricular systolic dysfunction was assessed by echocardiography. Patients were divided into four groups according to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) correlated with clinical severity. Significant differences in medians of NT-proBNP and BNP values between all groups were determined (P= 0.0161 for NT-proBNP and P=0.0180 for BNP). For identifying patients with severe systolic dysfunction (LVEF<40%), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for both BNP and NT-proBNP was performed. The diagnostic performances expressed as areas under the curve were of 0.69 for NT-proBNP (cut off value 367 pg/ml) and 0.60 for BNP (cut off value 172 pg/ml). However, the BNP showed higher sensitivity (85 % vs. 63 %) and a higher positive predictive value (69 % vs 55 %) than the NT-proBNP. The negative predictive values of BNP and NT-proBNP were similar (70 % and 71 % respectively). Brain natriuretic peptides are promising markers for the diagnosis of severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

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