Case Reports
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Ocular tuberculosis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

PURPOSE: To present the clinical, histopathological, and molecular biologic findings in fifteen cases of ocular tuberculosis (TB) in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, noncomparative case series of HIV-infected patients with ophthalmic complaints and/or with advanced disease (CD4+ cell count < 200), seen between the years 1993 to 2005 at tertiary care ophthalmic and AIDS care hospitals.

METHODS: Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and relevant laboratory and radiologic investigations and was treated accordingly. The study was carried out in this cohort to describe the ocular manifestations of TB. The main outcome measures were to describe the clinical course histopathologic and molecular biologic features of ocular lesions attributable to tuberculosis in AIDS patients in our center.

RESULTS: Ocular TB was seen in 15 (1.95%) out of 766 consecutive cases of HIV/AIDS. Nineteen eyes of 15 patients were affected. Four cases (26.66%) had bilateral presentation. Presentations of ocular TB included choroidal granulomas in 10 eyes (52.63%), subretinal abscess in seven eyes (36.84%), worsening to panophthalmitis in three eyes, conjunctival tuberculosis, and panophthalmitis each in one eye (5.26%). All cases had evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. Coexistent central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis was seen in two cases and one case had abdominal tuberculosis. CD4+ cell counts were done in 14 patients; the count ranged from 14 to 560 cells/microl--mean 160.85 cells/microl.

CONCLUSIONS: Ocular TB in AIDS is relatively rare and can occur even at CD4+ cell counts greater than 200 cells/microl. It can have varied presentations with severe sight-threatening complications.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app