RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The role of immune response to Staphylococcus aureus superantigens and disease severity in relation to the sensitivity to tacrolimus in atopic dermatitis.

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus-producing superantigens (SAgs), such as staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) or toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), are frequently observed in atopic dermatitis (AD). However, little has been done to establish the association of immune responses to SAgs and the therapeutic response to immunosuppressive drugs in AD. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence and role of SAgs in the pathophysiology and immunosuppressive drug sensitivity in AD patients.

METHODS: We classified 29 patients into two groups on the basis of their clinical AD scores: a low-score group (n = 14) corresponding to mild to moderate patients and a high-score group (n = 15) corresponding to severe patients. We estimated the plasma anti-SEB or TSST-1 IgE of these patients and healthy subjects by ELISA. We also estimated individual drug sensitivity by determining drug concentrations that would give 50% inhibition (IC(50)) of peripheral-blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation in vitro.

RESULTS: The levels of plasma anti-SEB or TSST-1 IgE in the severe patients were significantly higher than those in the mild to moderate patients (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). When stimulated with concanavalin A in vitro, PBMCs in the severe patients exhibited low sensitivity to the suppressive efficacy of tacrolimus (FK506) as compared to the mild to moderate patients (p < 0.01). Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between the IC(50)s of FK506 and plasma anti-TSST-1 IgE levels (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: We showed that PBMCs in severe AD patients exhibited lower sensitivity to FK506, and had higher plasma levels of anti-TSST-1 IgE as compared to the mild AD patients. SAgs appear to be one of the causes of decreased PBMC sensitivity to FK506, and therefore an alternative treatment would be useful based on the individual drug sensitivity data and anti-TSST-1 IgE levels.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app