Gene profiling of cattle blastocysts derived from nuclear transfer, in vitro fertilization and in vivo development based on cDNA library

Jian-Er Long, Xia Cai, Li-Qiang He
Animal Reproduction Science 2007, 100 (3): 243-56
Gene expression analysis of cloned embryos would enable us to better understand the early biological events during preimplantation after NT (nuclear transfer). Routine RT-PCR and Northern-blot were limited because it could not analyze tens of thousands of genes at one time and were impeded by minimum material. Based on the developed RT-PCR methodology, we previously constructed cDNA libraries with equivalent to single embryo from the pooled AI-blastocysts (artificial insemination and in vivo developed blastocysts) of cattle. To identify gene expression profiles in NT- and IVF (in vitro fertilized)-blastocysts, and search for new candidate genes involved during this period, here we created cDNA sources from three types of blastocysts (AI-, IVF- and NT-blastocysts). The expressions of 60 genes previously identified from cDNA library were compared in three types of blastocyst. Results showed that the gene expression profile of NT-blastocysts was more similar to that of AI-blastocysts than that of created from IVF-blastocysts. Several important genes, such as Oct-4 and IFN-iota, only detected in the early embryonic development, were highly expressed in three types of blastocysts and showed no significant difference, it indicated that the donor nuclear undergone efficient reprogramming by the blastocyst stage and gained totipotential after nuclear transfer. The gene expression profiles in three types of blastocysts suggested that nuclear transfer and in vitro culture environments impaired the viability of embryos in different ways.

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