Different fates of mitochondria: alternative ways for degradation?

Dalibor Mijaljica, Mark Prescott, Rodney J Devenish
Autophagy 2007, 3 (1): 4-9
Cellular degradative processes including proteasomal and vacuolar/lysosomal (autophagic) degradation, as well as the activity of proteases (both cytosolic and mitochondrial), provide for a continuous turnover of damaged and obsolete macromolecules and organelles. Mitochondria are organelles essential for respiration and oxidative energy production in aerobic cells; they are also required for multiple biosynthetic pathways. As such, mitochondrial homeostasis is very important for cell survival. We review the evidence regarding the possible mechanisms for mitochondrial degradation. Increasingly, the evidence suggests autophagy plays a central role in the degradation of mitochondria. How mitochondria might be specifically selected for autophagy (mitophagy) remains an open question, although some evidence suggests that, under certain circumstances, in mammalian cells the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition (MPT) plays a role in initiation of the process. As more is learned about the functioning of autophagy as a degradation process, the greater the appreciation we are developing concerning its role in the control of mitochondrial degradation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"