Suppression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) by YC-1 is dependent on murine double minute 2 (Mdm2)

Chi Keung Lau, Zhen Fan Yang, Chi Tat Lam, Ka Ho Tam, Ronnie Tung Ping Poon, Sheung Tat Fan
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2006 October 6, 348 (4): 1443-8
Inhibition of HIF-1alpha activity provides an important strategy for the treatment of cancer. Recently, 3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzyl indazole (YC-1) has been identified as an anti-HIF-1alpha drug in cancer therapy with unclear molecular mechanism. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of YC-1 on HIF-1alpha in a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line under hypoxic condition, which was generated by incubating cells with 0.1% O(2). The phenotypic and molecular changes of cells were determined by cell proliferation assay, apoptosis assay, luciferase promoter assay, and Western blot analysis. YC-1 arrested tumor cell growth in a dose-dependent manner, whereas it did not induce cell apoptosis. Hypoxia-induced upregulation of HIF-1alpha was suppressed by YC-1 administration. YC-1 inhibited HIF-1alpha protein synthesis under normoxia and affected protein stability under hypoxia. YC-1 suppressed the expression of total and phosphorylated forms of murine double minute 2 (Mdm2), whereas this inhibitory effect was blocked by overexpression of Mdm2. In conclusion, YC-1 suppressed both protein synthesis and stability of HIF-1alpha in HCC cells, and its inhibitory effects on HIF-1alpha were dependent on Mdm2.

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