Positive association between serum levels of advanced glycation end products and the soluble form of receptor for advanced glycation end products in nondiabetic subjects

Sho-ichi Yamagishi, Hisashi Adachi, Kazuo Nakamura, Takanori Matsui, Yuko Jinnouchi, Katsuhiko Takenaka, Masayoshi Takeuchi, Mika Enomoto, Kumiko Furuki, Asuka Hino, Yoshiyuki Shigeto, Tsutomu Imaizumi
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 2006, 55 (9): 1227-31
The advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-receptor for AGE (RAGE) axis is implicated in diabetic vascular complications. Administration of soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) to mice has been shown to block the AGE-elicited tissue damage by acting as a decoy. These observations suggest that endogenous sRAGE may capture and eliminate circulating AGEs and decrease its serum levels. However, because AGEs up-regulate tissue RAGE expression and endogenous sRAGE could be generated from the cleavage of cell surface RAGE, sRAGE may be positively, rather than inversely, associated with circulating AGEs by reflecting tissue RAGE expression. In this study, we investigated the association of sRAGE with serum levels of AGEs in humans. Data for fasting serum sRAGE and AGE levels of 184 nondiabetic subjects were obtained from a general population in Japan. We also measured body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, and blood biochemistries in this population. Uni- and multivariate analyses were applied for the determinants of serum sRAGE levels. The average sRAGE levels were 0.40 +/- 0.17 ng/mL in males and 0.43 +/- 0.14 ng/mL in females, respectively. In the univariate analysis, BMI (P < .05, inversely), waist circumference (P < .05, inversely), AGEs (P < .05), and alcohol intake (P < .05, inversely) were significantly associated with sRAGE levels. After performing multivariate analyses, BMI (P < .05, inversely) and AGEs (P < .05) still remained significant independently. The present study is the first demonstration that serum sRAGE levels were positively associated with circulating AGEs in the nondiabetic general population. Endogenous sRAGE levels are elevated in parallel with serum AGE levels.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"