Inhibition of estrogen-independent mammary carcinogenesis by disruption of growth hormone signaling

Xiao Zhang, Rajendra G Mehta, Daniel D Lantvit, Karen T Coschigano, John J Kopchick, Jeffrey E Green, Samad Hedayat, Konstantin T Christov, Vera H Ray, Terry G Unterman, Steven M Swanson
Carcinogenesis 2007, 28 (1): 143-50
Clinical trials and laboratory-based studies indicate that the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I axis may affect the development of breast cancer. The purpose of the present investigation was to develop a genetic model of mammary cancer to test the hypothesis that downregulation of GH signaling can substantially retard mammary cancer progression. We crossed the Laron mouse, in which the gene for the GH receptor/binding protein has been disrupted, with the C3(1)/TAg mouse, which develops estrogen receptor alpha negative mammary cancers. All mice used in our experiments were heterozygous for the large T antigen (TAg) and either homozygous wild-type for GHR (Ghr+/+) or null for GHR (Ghr-/-). Compared with the TAg/Ghr+/+ mice, the TAg/Ghr-/- mice showed delayed mammary cancer latency with significantly decreased multiplicity (9.8 +/- 1.4 versus 3.2 +/- 1.2) and volume (776.1 +/- 284.4 versus 50.5 +/- 8.9 mm3). Furthermore, the frequency of mammary hyperplasias was significantly reduced in the TAg/Ghr-/- mice (15.0 +/- 1.7 versus 6.8 +/- 1.7). To establish that these mammary cancers were estrogen-independent, 12-week-old TAg/Ghr+/+ mice, which lack visible hyperplasia, were either ovariectomized (ovx) or sham operated (sham). Compared with the sham group, ovariectomy resulted in no difference in the frequency of mammary hyperplasia, mammary tumor latency, incidence, multiplicity or tumor size. Together, these data demonstrate that the disruption of GH signaling significantly retards TAg-driven mammary carcinogenesis, and suggest that disrupting GH signaling may be an effective strategy to inhibit the progression of estrogen-independent breast cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"