JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Utility of ascitic fluid analysis in patients with malignancy-related ascites.

One-hundred and thirty-three consecutive ascitic patients hospitalized in our Liver Unit were prospectively investigated, to define the accuracy of ascitic fluid analysis in identifying malignancy. Patients with extrahepatic cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis were characterized by positive cytology and higher ascitic levels of fibronectin, lactic dehydrogenase, carcinoembryonic antigen, and total protein than both patients with uncomplicated cirrhosis and patients with cirrhosis and liver cancer. Ascitic cytology, fibronectin, and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were the most sensitive and specific markers of extrahepatic malignancy. In contrast, none of these markers was useful in identifying patients with primary liver cancer complicating cirrhosis. For them, the only alteration of the ascitic fluid was an elevated alpha-fetoprotein concentration. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ascitic alpha-fetoprotein for detecting liver cancer were 87%, 95%, and 94%, respectively. Combining cytology with the determinations of fibronectin (or LDH) and alpha-fetoprotein in ascitic fluid satisfactorily differentiated 28 of 32 cases of malignancy-related ascites, with very low incidence of false-positives (4-6%). Therefore, in view of the frequent difficulties in detecting liver cancer as a complication of cirrhosis in patients with ascites, it is advisable to determine all these three markers in the same ascitic sample.

Full text links

Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection.JAMA 2023 January 20
Misdiagnosis in the Emergency Department: Time for a System Solution.JAMA 2023 January 28

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app