Treatment of malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin

D M Gershenson, M Morris, A Cangir, J J Kavanagh, C A Stringer, C L Edwards, E G Silva, J T Wharton
Journal of Clinical Oncology 1990, 8 (4): 715-20
Since 1984, we have treated 26 patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumors with a combination of bleomycin, etoposide (VP-16), and cisplatin (BEP) at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (UTMDACC). The median age of the patients was 19 years (range, 8 to 32). All patients underwent initial surgery (unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in 14, unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy plus abdominal hysterectomy in one, and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy in 11 patients). Twenty patients had no residual disease, three had less than or equal to 2 cm (one each, dysgerminoma, mixed, and immature teratoma), and three had more than 2 cm lesions (two dysgerminomas, one endodermal sinus tumor). Fourteen patients had pure dysgerminoma (five, stage I; one, stage II; six, stage III; and two, recurrent), and 12 had nondysgerminomatous tumors (five, stage I; two, stage II; three, stage III; and two, recurrent). All four patients with clinically measurable disease had a complete response. All four patients who underwent second-look laparotomy had negative findings. Twenty-five patients (96%) remain in sustained remission 10.4 to 54.4 months from the start of chemotherapy. One patient died of progressive disease 14 months after beginning chemotherapy. We conclude that the BEP regimen has excellent activity and acceptable toxicity in patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumors.

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