[Renal replacement therapy in the intensive care unit]

C Morath, N Miftari, R Dikow, C Hainer, M Zeier, V Schwenger, M A Weigand
Der Anaesthesist 2006, 55 (8): 901-13; quiz 914
Acute renal failure in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit is associated with high morbidity and mortality which is independent of the underlying etiology. Despite improvements in intensive care medicine and renal replacement therapy, patients with acute renal failure have much higher morbidity and mortality rates than patients without acute renal failure in the intensive care unit. In this overview, we summarize the literature on the incidence and mortality of patients with acute renal failure in the intensive care unit. Furthermore, we discuss timing of the initiation of renal replacement therapy, patient outcome with different renal replacement therapies and the adequate dialysis dose to be delivered.

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