Predictors of cerebral microbleeds in acute ischemic stroke and TIA patients

Bruce Ovbiagele, Jeffrey L Saver, Nerses Sanossian, Noriko Salamon, Pablo Villablanca, Jeffry R Alger, Tannaz Razinia, Doojin Kim, David S Liebeskind
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2006, 22 (5): 378-83

BACKGROUND: Cerebral microbleeds (CMB) detected on gradient-echo T2*-weighted MRI have been associated with cognitive impairment and the potential for increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage. We evaluated risk factors for these microangiopathic lesions in a cohort of stroke and transient ischemic attack patients.

METHODS: Presence and number of CMB in consecutive acute stroke patients admitted to a university hospital stroke service over an 18-month period were rated. Multivariate models were generated to determine the contribution of 21 demographic and clinical variables to the frequency and number of CMB.

RESULTS: Of 164 patients (mean age 71 years, 52% female), 57 (35%) had CMB evident on gradient-echo T2*-weighted MRI. CMB were more commonly noted among patients with small vessel disease ischemic stroke mechanism (47%) than large vessel atherothromboembolic (12%) or cardioembolic (18%, p = 0.0001). In univariate analysis, patients with CMB were older, (p = 0.008), more likely to have been on >1 antihypertensive prior to admission (p = 0.024) than those without CMB. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, presumed small vessel stroke subtype, history of atrial fibrillation, being on >1 antihypertensive prior to admission, and smoking were independent factors increasing the risk of CMB. Logistic regression analysis by number of CMB showed almost similar findings.

CONCLUSIONS: CMB are more frequently noted in hospitalized stroke and transient ischemic attack patients with small vessel ischemia, as well as those with important modifiable vascular risk factors like atrial fibrillation and smoking.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"