The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and angiogenesis markers in hyperplastic and malignant prostate tissue

Alexandros Lekas, Andreas C Lazaris, Charalampos Deliveliotis, Michail Chrisofos, Christina Zoubouli, Dimitrios Lapas, Thomas Papathomas, Ioannis Fokitis, Lydia Nakopoulou
Anticancer Research 2006, 26 (4): 2989-93

BACKGROUND: The process of ingrowth of new blood vessels is stimulated by the action of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), while it may be simultaneously related to the degree of tissue hypoxia. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a protein of cellular response to hypoxia. The relationship between hypoxia and angiogenesis in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa) was examined.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy (170) prostatic tissue samples were immunohistochemically evaluated. The microvessel density (MVD) was calculated by CD34 immunostaining; the angiogenetic profile was further assessed using a monoclonal antibody against VEGF. HIF-1alpha immunoreaction was recognized through nuclear staining of positive cells.

RESULTS: CD34, VEGF and HIF-1alpha staining reactions were significantly higher in the PCa group than in the BPH group. In both groups, an interrelationship between the immunoexpression of CD34 and HIF-1alpha, VEGF and HIF-1alpha, as well as VEGF and CD34 was detected.

CONCLUSION: MVD, VEGF cytoplasmic immunoreactivity and HIF-1alpha immunoreaction were more prominent in PCa than in BPH and were also significantly associated with high-grade carcinomas.

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