JOURNAL ARTICLE

Flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery and intima-media thickness of carotid artery in never-treated subjects

C Irace, E Fiaschi, C Cortese, A Gnasso
International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology 2006, 25 (3): 274-9
16878076

AIM: Data on the association between brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) are contrasting. The present study investigated the relationship between FMD and IMT and carotid atherosclerosis in never treated subjects.

METHODS: Seventy-seven subjects were investigated: 46 had no coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, 21 had only one, and 10 had more than one risk factor. IMT of the common carotid was measured by ultrasonography and FMD was evaluated according to standardized methods.

RESULTS: IMT increased with increasing number of risk factors (0.66+/-0.12, 0.69+/-0.12 and 0.8+/-0.17 mm, respectively, ANOVA P<0.05). FMD decreased with increasing number of risk factors (10.44+/-5.2, 6.52+/-7.11 and 7.35+/-4.42%, respectively, P<0.05). Endothelium-independent vasodilatation was similar in the 3 groups. IMT and FMD did not correlate neither in subjects without risk factors (r=-0.151, P=0.3), nor in those with 1 (r=-0.196, P=0.4) or with 2 or more risk factors (r=-0.387, P=0.2), while in the group as a whole the correlation was borderline significant (r=-0.217, P=0.058). Eleven subjects had carotid atherosclerosis and higher values of IMT, but not reduced FMD. In multiple regression analysis, diabetes and IMT, but not FMD, were associated with carotid atherosclerosis.

CONCLUSIONS: The present findings indicate that, in never treated subjects, FMD is not strictly associated with IMT or atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16878076
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"