Phase I study of depsipeptide in pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors: a Children's Oncology Group report

, Maryam Fouladi, Wayne L Furman, Thomas Chin, Burgess B Freeman, Lorina Dudkin, Clinton F Stewart, Mark D Krailo, Roseanne Speights, Ashish M Ingle, Peter J Houghton, John Wright, Peter C Adamson, Susan M Blaney
Journal of Clinical Oncology 2006 August 1, 24 (22): 3678-85

PURPOSE: To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), pharmacokinetic profile, and pharmacodynamics of the histone deacetylase inhibitor, depsipeptide, in children with refractory or recurrent solid tumors.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Depsipeptide was administered as a 4-hour infusion weekly for 3 consecutive weeks every 28 days at dose levels of 10 mg/m2, 13 mg/m2, 17 mg/m2, and 22 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetics and histone acetylation studies were performed in the first course. The levels of H3 histone and acetyl-H3 histone were evaluated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using immunofluorescence techniques.

RESULTS: There were 24 patients, and 18 who were assessable were enrolled. DLTs included reversible, asymptomatic T-wave inversions, without any associated changes in troponin levels or evidence of ventricular dysfunction, in the inferior leads in two patients at 22 mg/m2 and in the lateral leads in one patient at 13 mg/m2 (n = 1), and transient asymptomatic sick sinus syndrome and hypocalcemia in one patient at 17 mg/m2. At the MTD (17 mg/m2), the median depsipeptide clearance was 6.8 L/h/m(2) with an area under the plasma depsipeptide concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity of 2,414 ng/mL/h, similar to adults. Accumulation of acetylated H3 histones was seen in all patients in a dose independent manner, with maximal accumulation at a median of 4 hours, (range, 0 hours to 20 hours) after the end of the infusion. No objective tumor responses were observed.

CONCLUSION: Depsipeptide is well tolerated in children with recurrent or refractory solid tumors when administered weekly for 3 consecutive weeks every 28 days and inhibits histone deacetylase activity in PBMC in a dose-independent manner. The recommended phase II dose in children with solid tumors is 17 mg/m2.

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