Exercise training reverses downregulation of HSP70 and antioxidant enzymes in porcine skeletal muscle after chronic coronary artery occlusion

John M Lawler, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Wook Song, Janet L Parker
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2006, 291 (6): R1756-63
Oxidative stress is associated with muscle fatigue and weakness in skeletal muscle of ischemic heart disease patients. Recently, it was found that endurance training elevates protective heat shock proteins (HSPs) and antioxidant enzymes in skeletal muscle in healthy subjects and antioxidant enzymes in heart failure patients. However, it is unknown whether coronary ischemia and mild infarct without heart failure contributes to impairment of stress proteins and whether exercise training reverses those effects. We tested the hypothesis that exercise training would reverse alterations in muscle TNF-alpha, oxidative stress, HSP70, SOD (Mn-SOD, Cu,Zn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and catalase (CAT) due to chronic coronary occlusion of the left circumflex (CCO). Yucatan swine were divided into three groups (n = 6 each): sedentary with CCO (SCO); 12 wk of treadmill exercise training following CCO (ECO); and sham surgery controls (sham). Forelimb muscle mass-to-body mass ratio decreased by 27% with SCO but recovered with ECO. Exercise training reduced muscle TNF-alpha and oxidative stress (4-hydroxynonenal adducts) caused by CCO. HSP70 levels decreased with CCO (-45%), but were higher with exercise training (+348%). Mn-SOD activity, Mn-SOD protein expression, and Cu,Zn-SOD activity levels were higher in ECO than SCO by 72, 82, and 112%, respectively. GPX activity was 177% greater in ECO than in SCO. CAT trended higher (P = 0.059) in ECO compared with SCO. These data indicate that exercise training following onset of coronary artery occlusion results in recovery of critical stress proteins and reduces oxidative stress.

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