MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diabetes-induced mechanical hyperalgesia involves spinal mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in neurons and microglia via N-methyl-D-aspartate-dependent mechanisms

Laurence Daulhac, Christophe Mallet, Christine Courteix, Monique Etienne, Eliane Duroux, Anne-Marie Privat, Alain Eschalier, Joseph Fialip
Molecular Pharmacology 2006, 70 (4): 1246-54
16868181
Molecular mechanisms underlying diabetes-induced painful neuropathy are poorly understood. We have demonstrated, in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, that mechanical hyperalgesia, a common symptom of diabetic neuropathy, was correlated with an early increase in extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion at 3 weeks after induction of diabetes. This change was specific to hyperalgesia because nonhyperalgesic rats failed to have such an increase. Immunoblot analysis showed no variation of protein levels, suggesting a post-translational regulation of the corresponding kinases. In diabetic hyperalgesic rats, immunocytochemistry revealed that all phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) colocalized with both the neuronal (NeuN) and microglial (OX42) cell-specific markers but not with the astrocyte marker [glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)] in the superficial dorsal horn-laminae of the spinal cord. In these same rats, a 7-day administration [5 microg/rat/day, intrathecal (i.t.)] of 1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis(2-aminophenylthio)butadiene (U0126), 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)1H-imidazole (SB203580), and anthra(1,9-cd)pyrazol-6(2H)-one (SP600125), which inhibited MAPK kinase, p38, and JNK, respectively, suppressed mechanical hyperalgesia, and decreased phosphorylation of the kinases. To characterize the cellular events upstream of MAPKs, we have examined the role of the NMDA receptor known to be implicated in pain hypersensitivity. The prolonged blockade of this receptor during 7 days by (5R, 10S)-(+)-5-methyl-10, 11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cyclohepten-5-10-imine hydrogen maleate (MK801; 5 microg/rat/day, i.t.), a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, reversed hyperalgesia developed by diabetic rats and blocked phosphorylation of all MAPKs. These results demonstrate for the first time that NMDA receptor-dependent phosphorylation of MAPKs in spinal cord neurons and microglia contribute to the establishment and longterm maintenance of painful diabetic hyperalgesia and that these kinases represent potential targets for pain therapy.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16868181
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"