Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to rescue profound pulmonary hemorrhage due to idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis in a child

Li-Chuan Sun, Yu-Ru Tseng, Shu-Chien Huang, Pei-Ming Huang, Wen-Je Ko, Frank Leigh Lu, En-Ting Wu
Pediatric Pulmonology 2006, 41 (9): 900-3
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in pediatric patients. During the acute phase, death due to massive alveolar hemorrhage and subsequent severe respiratory failure with associated multiple organ failure often occurs. We report the case of an 11-year-old girl who developed severe hypoxemic respiratory failure and pulmonary hemorrhage. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was instituted on the next day because medical treatment and mechanical ventilation failed to maintain oxygenation. She was successfully decannulated 5 days later without ECMO-related complications. Four months later, she was intubated again and the diagnosis of IPH was made by open lung biopsy. She was treated with systemic steroid therapy and discharged smoothly. We suggest that ECMO provides a chance of recovery and survival for patients with IPH, even if accompanied by severe pulmonary hemorrhage.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"