JOURNAL ARTICLE

An evaluation of the International Diabetes Federation definition of metabolic syndrome in Chinese patients older than 30 years and diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Bin Lu, Yehong Yang, Xiaoyan Song, Xuehong Dong, Zhaoyun Zhang, Linuo Zhou, Yiming Li, Naiqing Zhao, XiXing Zhu, Renming Hu
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 2006, 55 (8): 1088-96
16839846
The objective of the study was to determine the most accurate metabolic syndrome (MS) definition among the definitions proposed by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III [ATPIII]), and the World Health Organization (WHO) and to evaluate the cutoff point of waist circumference using the IDF definition for optimally defining MS in the Chinese population. One thousand thirty-nine Chinese patients older than 30 years and diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus were investigated by randomized cluster sampling in the Shanghai downtown, and 1008 patients were analyzed in this study. Body mass measurements, resting blood pressure, fasting blood measures, and carotid atherosclerotic measurements including common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaque were investigated. The IDF definition was compared with the other 2 definitions, and the carotid atherosclerosis was evaluated among the patients according to these definitions. (1) The MS prevalence was 50.0%, 55.7%, and 70.0% under the IDF, ATPIII, and WHO definitions, respectively. (2) The percentage of all the participants categorized as either having or not having the MS was 69.9% (under the IDF and ATPIII definitions) and 70.2% (under the IDF and WHO definitions). (3) Common carotid artery IMT of patients with MS determined by the IDF definition was thicker than those determined by the WHO and ATPIII definitions, and the percentage of carotid plaque of patients with MS determined by the IDF definition was greater than those determined by the WHO and ATPIII definitions. (4) When the cutoff point of waist circumference in men determined by the IDF definition was modified from 90 to 85 cm, common carotid artery IMT of the emerging male patients with MS was thicker than that of the male patients with MS determined by the original IDF definition. In conclusion, the prevalence of MS was 50.0%, 55.7%, and 70.0% under the IDF, ATPIII, and WHO definitions, respectively. The preferable IDF definition served as a better predictor of cardiovascular disease risk in the Chinese patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with the ATPIII and WHO definitions. The modified cutoff point of waist circumference in men under the IDF definition specific for the Chinese population (from 90 to 85 cm) might be more suitable for predicting atherosclerosis.

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