Liquid chromatographic-electrospray tandem mass spectrometric determination of clarithromycin in human plasma

Wenkui Li, Joan Rettig, Xiangyu Jiang, Diane T Francisco, Weng Naidong
Biomedical Chromatography: BMC 2006, 20 (11): 1242-51
A rapid, sensitive and specific LC-MS-MS method has been developed for the determination of clarithromycin (CLA) in human plasma using roxithromycin (ROX) as the internal standard. Samples were prepared via liquid-liquid extraction with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and chromatographed on a Supelco RP(18) (4.6 x 50 mm, 3 microm particle size) column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile:methanol:60 mM (pH 3.5) ammonium acetate buffer (32.5:32.5:35) at a constant flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The run time was 3 min with retention times of approximately 1.65 and 1.70 min for CLA and ROX, respectively. Detection was performed on a PE Sciex API 365 mass spectrometer equipped with a turboionspray ionization source in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The MRM pairs were m/z 748.5 --> m/z 158.2 for CLA and m/z 837.7 --> m/z 679.3 for ROX, respectively, with dwell times of 200 ms for each transition. The validated calibration curve range was 5.00-5000 ng/mL, based on 0.100 mL plasma sample volume with signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) greater than 60 for CLA at the lower limit of quantification level (5.00 ng/mL). The correlation coefficients (r(2)) of the calibration curves were better than or equal to 0.996. The inter-day (n = 18) precision and accuracy of the quality control (QC) samples were less than 3.58% RSD (relative standard deviation) and -10.8% bias, respectively. The intra-day (n = 6) precision and accuracy of the quality control samples were less than 5.0 and 12.6%, respectively. There was no significant deviation from the nominal values after a 10-fold dilution of high concentration QC samples using blank matrix. The QC samples were stable when left on the bench for 24 h or after three freeze-thaw cycles. The processed samples were also stable in HPLC autosampler at 10C for over 72 h. No matrix ionization suppression was observed when extracted blank matrix or reconstitution solvent was injected onto the system with post-column infusion of clarithromycin and roxithromycin. No carryover was observed when an extracted blank plasma sample was injected immediately after a 5000 ng/mL ULOQ (the upper limit of quantification) standard. The mean recovery was 81.5 and 78.3%, respectively, for clarithromycin and internal standard.

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