Is intralesional cidofovir worthwhile in juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis?

P Sheahan, S Sexton, J D Russell
Journal of Laryngology and Otology 2006, 120 (7): 561-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intralesional cidofovir in the treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) in children.

METHODS: Prospective observational study of four consecutive children with RRP treated at an academic tertiary children's hospital. Laryngo-bronchoscopy was performed at three- to five-weekly intervals. Photodocumentation was obtained and disease severity assessed using an anatomical RRP severity score. Surgical debulking of large papillomas was then performed, and cidofovir (5 mg/ml) injected into any remaining papillomas as well as submucosally at the sites of resected papillomas. The efficacy of cidofovir was assessed by the change in papilloma severity score over the course of the treatment.

RESULTS: Complete disease remission was obtained in one patient, with a partial response seen in two others. One patient showed no significant response. The greatest beneficial effect was seen after the fourth cidofovir injection; however, two patients demonstrated a deterioration in severity scores after treatment was withheld at this point. Both responded well to further cidofovir injections. However, a clear plateau in the response to cidofovir was seen in all patients by the eighth injection.

CONCLUSION: Intralesional cidofovir may help control papilloma regrowth and reduce disease severity in many children with RRP. In most cases, cidofovir would appear to be less efficacious in causing disease eradication. There appears to be little evidence to support prolonged treatment regimes (i.e. more than eight treatments).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"