JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Bone morphing system for ligament balancing in total knee arthroplasty]

Hao Wu, Stéphane van Driessche, Daniel Goutallier
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2006, 20 (6): 607-10
16827382

OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of applying the Bone Morphing based image-free computer-assisted system for the ligament balancing management in the total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

METHODS: Between November 2002 and June 2003, twenty-one posterior stabilized total knee prostheses (Craver, France) were implanted in 21 patients using the Bone Morphing based image-free Ceravision system. This cohort included 5 men and 16 women with an average age of 72.4 years, two undergoing high tibial osteotomy and 1 undergoing distal femoral osteotomy before. The preoperative deviation was measured by the full-length AP X-rays. The knees were in varus deviation in 14 patients and in valgus deviation in 7 patients, with an average of 2.36 degrees (varus 13 degrees-valgus 13 degrees). The frontal X-rays of the knee were assessed, the mean value of the varus force-stress test was 8.47 degrees (varus 2 degrees-varus 20 degrees), and the mean value of the valgus force-stress test was 3. 63 degrees (varus 7 degrees-valgus 12 degrees).

RESULTS: With the Ceravision-recorded data, the intraoperative alignment was assessed, the mean lower limb axis was 3.33 degrees (varus 12 degrees-valgus 10 degrees), and compared with the preoperative data, the difference was significant (P < 0.05); the mean value of the varus force-stress test was 6. 47 degrees (varus 0 degree - varus 24 degrees), the mean value of the valgus force-stress test was 4.32 degrees (varus 8 degrees-valgus 15 degrees), and compared with the preoperative data, the difference was significant (P < 0.05). The post-prosthetic alignment on Ceravision with a deviation of 0.175 degrees (varus 2 degrees-valgus 3 degrees) was compared with the postoperative alignment by the full-length AP X-rays, with a deviation of 0.3 degrees (varus 3.5 degrees-valgus 1.5 degrees), the difference wasn't significant (P > 0.05). The clinical check-up performed 3 months after operation showed that the average range of movement (ROM) was 115 degrees (105-130 degrees), the mean frontal laxity was 0.27 mm (0.2-0.5 mm). The femoral and tibial components were implanted in the satisfactory 3 dimensional position without ligament imbalance in all the patients, and there were no instability or patella complications.

CONCLUSION: Utilization of the Bone Morphing based image-free computer-assisted system can achieve an accurate component 3 dimensional alignment, optimal bone resection, optimal control of surgical decision in releasing the soft tissues, rotating the femoral component to gain an extension/flexion rectangular gap, and managing the ligament balancing so as to achieve a satisfactory initial clinical outcome. This system can be routinely used in the TKA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16827382
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"